ACT 1947 -
TEXT OF INDIA'S
EXCERPTS OF THE
SPEECH BY SHEIKH
AUGUST 13, 1948
2 JULY 1972
FEBRUARY 21, 1999
JAMMU & KASHMIR
NOTE ON JAMMU &
COMMUNAL HARMONY IN ASIA (ACHA)
ARCHIVE OF KASHMIR RESOURCES
|U.N.RESOLUTION AUGUST 13, 1948
The United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan.
Having given careful consideration to the points of view expressed
by the representatives of India and Pakistan regarding the situation in
the State of Jammu and Kashmir; and
Being of the opinion that the prompt cessation of hostilities and the
correction of conditions the continuance of which is likely to endanger
international peace and security are essential to implementation of its
endeavors to assist the Governments of India and Pakistan in effecting
a final settlement of the situation;
Resolves to submit simultaneously to the Governments of India and Pakistan
the following proposal:
PART I: CEASE-FIRE ORDER
A. The Governments of India and Pakistan agree that their respective
High Commands will issue separately and simultaneously a cease-fire order
to apply to all forces under their control and in the State of Jammu and
Kashmir as of the earliest practicable date or dates to be mutually agreed
upon within four days after these proposals have been accepted by both
B.The High Commands of the Indian and Pakistani forces agree to refrain
from taking any measures that might augment the military potential of the
forces under their control in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. ( For the
purpose of these proposals forces under their control shall be considered
to include all forces, organized and unorganized, fighting or participating
in hostilities on their respective sides.
C.The Commanders-in-Chief of the forces of India and Pakistan shall
promptly confer regarding any necessary local changes in present dispositions
which may facilitate the cease-fire.
D. In its discretion and as the Commission may find practicable, the
Commission will appoint military observers who, under the authority of
the Commission and with the co-operation of both Commands, will supervise
the observance of the cease-fire order.
E. The Government of India and the Government of Pakistan agree to
appeal to their respective peoples to assist in creating and maintaining
an atmosphere favourable to the promotion of further negotiations.
PART II: TRUCE AGREEMENT
Simultaneously with the acceptance of the proposal for the immediate
cessation of hostilities as outlined in Part I, both the Governments accept
the following principles as a basis for the formulation of a truce agreement,
the details of which shall be worked out in discussion between their representatives
and the Commission.
1. As the presence of troops of Pakistan in the territory of the State
of Jammu and Kashmir constitutes a material change in the situation since
it was represented by the Government of Pakistan before the Security Council,
the Government of Pakistan agrees to withdraw its troops from that State.
2. The Government of Pakistan will use its best endeavour to secure
the withdrawal from the State of Jammu and Kashmir of tribesmen and Pakistani
nationals not normally resident therein who have entered the State for
the purpose of fighting.
3. Pending a final solution, the territory evacuated by the Pakistani
troops will be administered by the local authorities under the surveillance
of the commission.
1.When the commission shall have notified the Government of India that
the tribesmen and Pakistani nationals referred to in Part II, A, 2, hereof
have withdrawn, thereby terminating the situation which was represented
by the Government of India to the Security Council as having occasioned
the presence of Indian forces in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, and further,
that the Pakistani forces are being withdrawn from the State of Jammu and
Kashmir, the Government of India agrees to begin to withdraw the bulk of
its forces from that State in stages to be agreed upon with the Commission.
2. Pending the acceptance of the conditions for a final settlement
of the situation in the State of Jammu and Kashmir, the Indian Government
will maintain within the lines existing at the moment of the cease-fire
the minimum strength of its forces which in agreement with the commission
are considered necessary to assist local authorities in the observance
of law and order. The Commission will have observers stationed where it
3. The Government of India will undertake to ensure that the Government
of the State of Jammu and Kashmir will take all measures within its powers
to make it publicly known that peace, law and order will be safeguarded
and that all human political rights will be granted.
4. Upon signature, the full text of the truce agreement or a communique
containing the principles thereof as agreed upon between the two Governments
and the Commission, will be made public.
The Government of India and the Government of Pakistan reaffirm their
wish that the future status of the State of Jammu and Kashmir shall be
determined in accordance with the will of the people and to that end, upon
acceptance of the truce agreement, both Governments agree to enter into
consultations with the Commission to determine fair and equitable conditions
whereby such free expression will be assured.
Source: United Nations